Trees and shrubs are an important part of any landscape because they provide shade, add interest and variety to the area, and increase the value of the property. While many people don’t think that established trees and shrubs require any special attention, this is not the case. For beautiful, thriving trees and shrubs that live for many, many years, some ongoing tree and shrub care required. This includes pruning and fertilizing, as well as pest and disease prevention.
Pruning Trees and Shrubs
As a general rule, it is best to prune trees and shrubs when they are dormant during the winter months. This avoids unnecessary stress to the plant. Spring flowering shrubs are one exception, they should be pruned shortly after blooming. Trees should be pruned to remove any dead or low-hanging limbs, as well as any branches that rub against each other. For best results, branches should be cut back to the main stem. Parts of branches left sticking out of a tree are ideal places for pests and diseases to take hold.
Tree and Shrub Fertilizers
Trees and shrubs that are properly and regularly fertilized are healthier, so they can produce more lush, green foliage. Normally, trees should be fertilized in the early spring when there is active root growth and plenty of water available, so that the fertilizer can be easily absorbed. An experienced tree and shrub care professional can determine what type of fertilizer is appropriate based on the age and condition of a tree, as well as the type of soil it is growing in. Injecting the fertilizer directly into the root zone gives trees and shrubs the nutrients that they need to thrive and resist common threats such as diseases and pests.
Disease and Pest Control
Many of the common trees and shrubs that grow in our yards are susceptible to diseases and pests that can cause serious problems. Regular applications of fungicides help to prevent diseases. If you suspect that your tree has a disease, it is important that you have it inspected by a professional so that you can learn the best ways to treat it and prevent the disease from spreading.
One way that diseases are spread on plants is by pests. When infestations of common pests such as aphids, mites and leafhoppers occur, horticultural oils are often used. Horticultural oil is a special type of pesticide that works when it is sprayed directly on the pests. It is considered an ecologically friendly option and it is safe to use around pets and humans.
While established trees and shrubs are generally considered low-maintenance, serious problems can arise if they are ignored. With a professional tree and shrub service, your trees will be regularly monitored for signs of disease and pests, so that major issues can be prevented. In addition, properly timed fertilization, disease prevention and pruning will be administered to keep trees thriving and looking their best. To learn more about the tree and shrub services that we offer, contact us today.
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